The day after the National Labor Relations Board‚Äôs regional director in Chicago ruled football players at Northwestern are university employees and can form a union, Georgia tailback Keith Marshall showed teammates a study on his smartphone in the locker room.
It detailed what most on the team probably already knew: college players are spending long hours on their sport, linebacker Ramik Wilson said. He didn‚Äôt know the specific study, but CNN.com cited an NCAA study that the average time spent in-season in football, baseball and men‚Äôs basketball was about 40 hours per week.
Wilson said he‚Äôs at the football complex from 2:15 to 8 p.m. on most days and wakes up for 7 a.m. tutoring and then classes.
‚ÄúWe‚Äôre out here risking our bodies, going hard and practicing in the hot sun every day,‚Äù Wilson said. ‚ÄúI think we should get some type of reward for it and get paid for it. … We need something because any play we could tear our ACL out there or break our neck. We‚Äôre putting our life on the line for their entertainment for Saturday.‚Äù
The Northwestern case, viewed as a possible landmark decision, is being appealed by the Big Ten school to the NLRB in Washington.
‚ÄúWe were getting excited because they‚Äôre getting work done,‚Äù Wilson said. ‚ÄúEverybody‚Äôs got like $20 in our back account. Shoot, we want some steak sometime.‚Äù
The ruling‚Äôs impact could directly affect other private universities, but public universities like the University of Georgia don‚Äôt fall under the NLRB.
That doesn‚Äôt mean there won‚Äôt be impact on programs such as Georgia, said Kenneth Dau-Schmidt, a professor and labor law expert at Indiana University,
‚ÄúIf this is upheld on appeal and if other schools started to organize and the players at private schools got better benefits, one thing they might ask for is better disability insurance and some control over work rules,‚Äù Dau-Schmidt said. ‚ÄúIf those conditions were significantly better at private schools then Georgia might have to respond in order to get players. That‚Äôs the way it might affect Georgia, at least if those benefits are important to players. That would be quite a ways down the road. First of all, we‚Äôll have to see if this is upheld on appeal. We‚Äôll have to see if they succeed in organizing and bargaining and we‚Äôll have to see if it actually spreads.‚Äù
There are also state-specific labor laws. Georgia is one of 24 ‚Äúright-to-work-state,‚Äù meaning a union of college players wouldn‚Äôt be able to collectively bargain, something that Bulldogs senior linebacker Amarlo Herrera mentioned.
‚ÄúAnd then I‚Äôll probably be out of college when it comes into play,‚Äù Herrera said.
NCAA reforms, of course, could impact all athletes, including at Georgia.
The Southeastern Conference has pushed for the addition of a cost-of-attendance stipend to the scholarships of athletes, but that hasn‚Äôt been adopted yet nationally.
Wilson said he would like extra money to buy shoes, clothes and groceries.
‚ÄúYou should get something to be able to go to the movies or go home,‚Äù Herrera said.
Center David Andrews said: ‚ÄúPersonally, I just want to play football. If you get a chance to make it to the next level, that‚Äôs where you get paid. … I don‚Äôt ever think we‚Äôll see college players have a salary and become employees. Maybe an extra $1,000 here or there with a scholarship.‚Äù
The SEC issued a statement from commissioner Mike Slive on Wednesday that said: ‚ÄúSEC does not believe that full time students participating in intercollegiate athletics are employees of the universities they attend.‚Äù
Said Andrews: ‚ÄúI don‚Äôt know why you would want to become an employee because that means you can get fired.‚Äù
Georgia athletic director Greg McGarity declined to comment, deferring to Slive‚Äôs statement.
Some Georgia players took part in a silent protest during a game last season along with players from Northwestern and Georgia Tech as part of the National College Players Association, which is connected to the College Athletes Player Association. It is led by former UCLA football player Ramogi Huma.
Georgia‚Äôs football program in the fiscal year ending June 30, 2013, generated direct revenues of $22.47 million, $23.55 million in ticket contributions from football season tickets and $19.58 million from TV income via the SEC and NCAA. Its expenses were $19.28 million.
The NCPA website says among its goals is to minimize college athletes‚Äô brain trauma risks, raise the scholarship amount to the cost of attendance and prevent players from having to pay sports-related medical expenses.
‚ÄúIt‚Äôs not just a money issue and I think that‚Äôs what people on the outside kind of think,‚Äù said Georgia senior receiver Chris Conley, the SEC representative to the NCAA Division I Student-Athlete Advisory Committee. ‚Äú‚ÄòOh, athletes are just trying to get paid. They need to calm down with this.‚Äô It‚Äôs an issue that spans so many more things, time constraints, health, concussions, a bunch of stuff.‚Äù
By NCAA rules, football players can spend 20 hours per week during the season on their sport and eight during the offseason.
‚ÄúIt feels like you‚Äôre always doing football,‚Äù defensive end Josh Dawson said.
Georgia coach Mark Richt was asked on Tuesday how much time players spend on football during the season.
‚ÄúA lot,‚Äù he said. ‚ÄúWe‚Äôve got a 20-hour rule that‚Äôs time that is countable, which is film study, strength and conditioning, practice. For the things that don‚Äôt count … is when you‚Äôre in the training room, before and after, or any kind of film work they do on their own. Gameday counts as three hours, but if you leave on Friday for an away game and don‚Äôt come back till midnight the day of the game, that‚Äôs a long time too, you know? So there‚Äôs a lot of hours that are put in and it‚Äôs pretty amazing for them to do that and then do other things that they‚Äôve got to do academically as well. … They don‚Äôt have a lot of free time. Sometimes we talk about teaching them how to manage their time, and they look at us like: ‚ÄòWhat time is that that you‚Äôre talking about?‚Äô So they put a lot of hours in.‚Äù
Dau-Schmidt said it‚Äôs likely the full NLRB will uphold the appeal because the board has a majority of Democratic appointments, but if it went to the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals, its chances of being upheld is ‚Äúeven money.‚Äù The Supreme Court could eventually hear the case, but he said that could take more than a decade.
Follow Marc online at twitter.com/marcweiszer.